A brief history of Lachit Borphukan The hero of Saraighat Battle

Lachit Borphukan was born on 24 November 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua and Kunti Moran. His father was the commander-in-chief of the Ahom army. In Assam also a great patriot called Lachit Barphukan was born. He was a valiant fighter who fought for his motherland, Assam, Now let us read his story from history of Lachit Borphukan.

There are times of crisis in the history of all nations. Assam faced a similar situation in the sixth decade of the seventeenth century. Taking advantage of the dissensions among the Ahom nobility Mir Jumla invaded. Assam on behalf of Aurangzeb, the Moghul emperor without much resistance. In history of Lachit Borphukan The glorious Ahom kingdom thus came under the suzerainty of alien rulers. Mir Jumla left Gargaon, the Ahoam capital, but his lieutenants continued to rule the lower part of Assam including Guwahati.

Early Life in history of Lachit Borphukan

In the early life of Lachit Borphukan, He hailed from the Lukhurakhun clan, which was one of the oldest of the Ahom clans, and was the son of Momaitamuli Barbarua. Momaitamuli Barbarua rose from the very humble position of a household servant to the position of an army general and became the most trusted and one of the most important members of the royal cabinet.

Lachit trained in the martial arts. After finished his training he said that we have to do fight against Mir Juinla’s forces. Lachit had been working in various capacities. As such as worked as officer-in-charge of the royal stables etc… The whole thing was doing before appointed as chief of the army.

There is an interesting story about Lachit’s appointment as army chief, Chakradvaj Singha, the king, had already known the merits of Lachit and had decided to make him the commander-in-chief. But to test his sense of honor Chakradvaj employed a servant to remove Lachit’s turban in the royal court. Lachit nearly killed the servant out of anger, and by showing the right kind of indignation at the loss of honor, Lachit duly passed the test. From his early career, Lachit had proved his unfailing sense of duty, which he inherited from his father.

The Retriving of Guwahati

Since his early days, Lachit showed signs of greatness. He was clever, tactful and hard working. He developed an ability to think independently. Always He driven strong determination. In 1667, Aurangzeb sent huge army to conquer Assam. The Ahom army under Lachit, the Barphukan of Gauhati had to fight this huge Army to defend Assam.

Aurangzeb’s general Raja Ram Singh of Amber came with an army of ten thousand soldiers to conquer Assam. Lachit made preparations to defend his motherland. He gave the charge of rapairing a broken fort near Amingaon to his uncle. He said: “Dear uncle, please finish repairing this fort tonight. Otherwise, will be lostour position tomorrow. “Yes sir, it will be definitely done,” replied the uncle. However, next morning, Lachit found that the work was not completed. He declared, “My uncle is not greater than my country. My motherland is more important than my uncle.”He punished his uncle severely showing his great love for Assam.

The Battle of Saraighat

Aurangzeb the powerful Moghul emperor of Delhi was no mean adversary. He appointed Ram Singha, the famous Rajput general, on January 6, 1663, to lead an expedition against Assam, and accordingly, Ram Singha reached the frontiers of Assam in February 1669, with a huge force that included 18,000 cavalry soldiers on Turkish horses and even a strong squad of hounds.

Lachit worked very hard day and night and personally supervised all the preparations for meeting the challenge. He was an uncompromising taskmaster and he said to have chopped off his uncle’s head for the negligence of duty with the famous words, ‘My uncle is not greater than my country’. Guwahati was chosen as the chief point for opposing the enemy and ramparts were erected at strategic places. Intermittent fighting on land and water continued for nearly two years during 1669 and 1670, but Ram Singha failed to break through the strong Ahom defense.

The Ahoms however, suffered a serious setback at Alaboi where Ram Singha’s forces ambushed an Ahom regiment and killed ten thousand of them on a single day. The decisive battle was, however, fought at Saraighat on the waters of the Brahmaputra in the early part of 1671.In 1671, Lachit attacked Ram Singh, the valiant Rajput hero, at Saraighat near Pandu. Under his leadership, the three divisions of the Ahom army infantry, cavalry and navy attacked the Mughal invaders.

End of The Battle of Saraighat

The Mughal army was defeated. Ram Singh was forced to flee. Thus Aurangzeb gave up his idea of conquering Assam. Lachit Barphukan nipped the Mughal imperialism in the bud in Assam. His determination and patriotism saved the freedom of the Assamese people. Ram Singha had to accept defeat and left Assam on 5 April 1671. Lachit died soon after probably because of excessive physical and mental strains.

Obedience to duty was his slogan. He sacrificed personal comforts and interests for his motherland. His love for Assam made him rise from the lower official rank of Ghoral Barua to the top official rank of Barphukan. He will always be remembered with love and respect by the people of Assam.

FAQ of Lachit Borphukan

Q1.Who was Lachit Borphukan ?

Lachit Borphukan was a general of the Ahom Kingdom whose army he led successfully in
resisting the imperial expansion of the Mughal Empire in the late 1600s.

Q2. What was the name of Lachit Father ?

Lachit Father name was “Momai Tamuli Borbarua”

Q3. The Battle of Saraighat war has taken place between whom ?

The Battle of Saraighat was thus, fought in 1671 between the Mughal Empire (led by Kachwaha king Raja Ram Singh I) and the Ahom kingdom (led by Lachit Borphukan) on the Brahmaputra river at Saraighat, now in Guwahati. The battle lasted one full day and Lachit could not be thwarted this time. The huge Mughal army succumbed to defeat against a small contingent led by Lachit Barphukan

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